Granada (Spanish pronunciation: [ɡɾanaða]) is a city and capital of the province of Granada in the autonomous region of Andalusia, Spain. The city of Granada is located in the foothills of the Sierra Nevada, at the confluence of three rivers, Ribeiro, Darro and Genil, at an altitude of 738 meters, just one hour from the Mediterranean coast, Costa Tropical.
Nearby, the Sierra Nevada Ski Resort, which hosted the FIS Alpine Ski World Championships 1996th At the 2005 census, the population of the city of Granada proper was 236,982, and the population throughout the urban area was estimated at 472,638, ranking as the area 13 largest urban areas in Spain. About 3.3% of the population does not have Spanish nationality, the largest number of these (31%) from the American South. Its nearest airport is Airport Federico García Lorcas.
History of Granada were in Ibero-Celtic settlement, which in turn contacted the Phoenicians, Carthagenians, and the ancient Greeks. By the fifth century BC the Greeks established a colony called Elibyrge or Elybirge (Ἐλιβύργη greek). Roman Hispania under the rule in the early centuries CE, the name of this city has become "Illiberis. How Illiberis, the city minted its own coins are part of the economy, Hispania. As Western Roman Empire fell to the Visigoths continued importance of the city center, and church and civil government, and ruled as a military fortress. It 'was conquered and ruled the Eastern Roman Empire.
In 711 the Moors after the conquest of Hispania Umayyad, occupied a large part of the establishment of the Iberian Peninsula Al-Andalus (Moorish Spain). Moors retained much of the Roman heritage, which had Roman infrastructure repaired and expanded, and uses it for irrigation, while the introduction of new cultivation techniques and new crops such as citrus fruits and apricots in Granada . Before the Jewish people created a community on the outskirts of the city, called "Garnata" or "Garnata yahud al" (Granada of the Jews "). Thanks to this community and Arab forces under Tariq ibn Ziyad first took the city in 711, although it was not completely conquered until the Jews referred to the 713th through the city the name Iberian Ilbira "while the Christian community is calling it" Elvira. " It was the capital of a province of the Caliphate of Cordoba.
On January 2, 1492, the last Muslim Sultan in the Iberian Peninsula, Amir Muhammad XII, known as Boabdil to Spanish ceded complete control of the emirate of Granada, Ferdinand and Isabella, Los Reyes Católicos (Catholic Kings), after last battle of the war of Granada. The transfer in 1492 of the Islamic Emirate of Granada in The Catholic Monarchs is one of the most important events in the history of Granada and the completion of the reconquest of Al Andalus. The terms of surrender, the Treaty of Alhambra Decree explicitly allows Muslim inhabitants in the city to go quietly in their faith and customs, known as Mudejar. In 1499, however, Cardinal Francisco Jiménez de Cisneros was frustrated by the slow conversion efforts in the first archbishop of Granada, Hernando de Talavera, and has undertaken a program of forced baptisms Christians create Converso (converted) to Class Moors (Muslims) and Jews (Marranos).