Spain, officially Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de España), is a country and the EU Member States is in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. is bounded to the south and east of the Mediterranean Sea, with the exception of a small board for the British overseas territory in Gibraltar, the north of France, Andorra and the Bay of Biscay and the North- west and west by the Atlantic Ocean and Portugal.
Thanks to its location in Spain has undergone a number of external influences since prehistoric times, and each country in its dawn. On the other hand, was an important source of influence to other areas, especially during the modern era, when it became a global empire that has left a legacy of over 400 million Spanish speakers today, so the world is second most widely spoken first language.
The true origin of the name of Spain and its derivatives "Spain" and "Spanish" is controversial. The old Roman name for Iberia, Hispania can come from a poetic use of Hesperia word referring to Spain, reflecting the Greek concept of Italy as a "Western" or "land of the setting sun "(Hesperia) and Spain even farther west, as ultima Hesperia
A 504 782 km2 (194,897 sq mi), Spain is the fifth largest country in the world, first to tenth. It is approximately 47 000 km2 (18,000 sq ft) lower than France and 81 000 km2 (31,000 sq m) larger than the U.S. state of California. Teide (Tenerife, Canary Islands) is the highest mountain in Spain and third largest volcano in the world at its base. The west side borders of Spain and Portugal to the south is limited to Gibraltar (British overseas territory) and Morocco through North Africa enclaves (Ceuta, Melilla, and Penon de Vélez de la Gomera). On the northeast along the Pyrenees, the border with France and the Principality of Andorra small. Spain is also the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean, the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean and a number of uninhabited islands on the Mediterranean side of Gibraltar Strait, which is known as Plazas de Absolutism as Chafarine Islands, Isle of Alboran, Alhucemas, and the small Isla Perejil.